Bradycardia | Slow Heart Rate

Updated:Apr 29,2015

Bradycardia = too slow
View an animation of bradycardiaA heart rate of less than 60 beats per minute (BPM) in adults is called bradycardia. What's too slow for you may depend on your age and physical condition.

  • Physically active adults often have a resting heart rate slower than 60 BPM but it doesn't cause problems.
  • Your heart rate may fall below 60 BPM during deep sleep.
  • Elderly people are more prone to problems with a slow heart rate.

View an animation of bradycardia.

Causes of bradycardia

  • Problems with the sinoatrial (SA) node, sometimes called the heart's natural pacemaker
  • Problems in the conduction pathways of the heart (electrical impulses are not conducted from the atria to the ventricles)
  • Metabolic problems such as hypothyroidism
  • Damage to the heart from heart attack or heart disease


Symptoms of bradycardia
A heart rhythm that's too slow can cause insufficient blood flow to the brain with symptoms such as:

  • Fatigue
  • Dizziness
  • Lightheadedness
  • Fainting or near-fainting spells
  • In extreme cases, cardiac arrest may occur.


Complications of bradycardia
Severe, prolonged untreated bradycardia can cause:

  • Heart failure
  • Syncope (loss of consciousness; fainting)
  • Angina pectoris (chest pain)
  • High blood pressure


Treatment of the underlying medical cause

  • Not usually needed except with prolonged or repeated symptoms
  • Can usually be corrected with an artificial pacemaker to speed up the heart rhythm as needed
  • Medication may be adjusted.
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This content was last reviewed on 10/23/2014.

Arrhythmia

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